Oriya / Odia is the result of an old Indo-Aryan language speech development. The Ananta Varma Bajrahasta Deva stone inscription from 1051 AD is considered the first appearance of the Oriya/Odia script and its language. In India, Odia people are 3,2% of the population, but they represent approximately 45 million people worldwide.On 20 February 2014 Odia was declared classical. It is the sixth Indian language to receive such prestigious tags after Sanskrit, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam.
Now see what level of Odia is considered to be fluent.
Before we begin to understand what level of Oriya is considered to be fluent, we need to 1st understand the essential difference between fluency and proficiency. Fluency is highly subjective in nature and hence differs from person to person in their own perspective or what they considered to be fluency of a language. On the other hand, proficiency remains consistent throughout the globe. This means that it is highly objective and the definition of what proficiency is does not change from person to person. In fact, proficiency actually requires an official certification or a diploma to prove the same.
Fluency doesn’t require any sort of certification as proof of the same. Most of the time, in order to truly achieve proficiency as well as acquire the certification or diploma, you basically need to enrol into official and professional classes and eventually appear for competitive exams which are held at specific dates over the span of a year, cleared these competitive exams and then receive your certification and the diploma from where you studied the same language. On the other hand, fluency is rather simple. You see, if I consider being able to speak Oriya well, as to be fluent in Oriya, then that is my level of fluency in the language. With that said, it might differ from your understanding and level of fluency, As you might consider being able to read Oriya well to be fluent in that language.
With the difference between proficiency and fluency established, we can now move on to understanding what level of Oriya is truly considered to be fluent. For starters, as fluency differs from person to person, in order to pinpoint the right level of fluency, we need to understand the said person’s ultimate goal while trying to learn the language. For example, if an individual began learning this language simply to be able to converse in this language or to be able to understand what others are talking to them, then being able to fluently converse in this language, which is essentially achieving proficiency in speaking skills and listening skills, would be to achieve ultimate fluency in that language.
With that established, we can gauge as to what level that individual stands on, in comparison to their ultimate goal. Similarly, if you’re trying to figure out what level of your language is fluent, then you need to gauge your level of fluency with your ultimate goal.
The widely spoken form of Oriya, Kataki has nine dialectal forms named depending on the areas where they are used such as the Midnapore Odia, Desiya, the Singhbhumi Odia, Ganjami, the Baleswari Odia, Halbi Sambalpuri, Bhatri, and Phulbani.