Classical Sanskrit has its origin at the end of the Vedic period when the Upanishads were the last sacred texts to be written down, after which Panini, a descendant of Pani and grammar and linguistic researcher, introduced the refined version of the language.
Sanskrit is regarded as the ancient language in Hinduism, where it was used as a means of communication and dialogue by the Hindu Celestial Gods, and then by the Indo-Aryans. Sanskrit is also widely used in Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism. The term ‘Sanskrit’ is derived from the conjoining of the prefix ‘Sam’ meaning ‘samyak’ which indicates ‘entirely’, and ‘krit’ that indicates ‘done’.
The Sanskrit language was termed as Deva-Vani (‘Deva’ Gods – ‘Vani’ language) as it was believed to have been generated by the god Brahma who passed it to the Rishis (sages) living in celestial abodes, who then communicated the same to their earthly disciples from where it spread on earth.
The origin of the language in written form is traced back to the 2nd millennium BCE when the Rig Veda, a collection of sacred hymns, is assumed to have been written after being continued for centuries through oral tradition and preservation of verbal knowledge in the Guru-Disciple relationship. The purity of this version (Vedic period, 1500 – 500 BCE) of Sanskrit is doubtlessly reflected in the flamboyance of the perfect description of the forces of nature in the Rig Veda.
Most useful Sanskrit phrases:
A collection of useful phrases in Sanskrit, a classical language of India which is still used as a religious and ceremonial language.
- Welcome :- (svāgatam)स्वागतम्
- Hello :- (namo namaḥ)नमो नमः
- Good luck :- (saubhāgyam) सौभाग्यम्
- How are you :- (kathamasti bhavatī)कथमस्ति भवती
- My name is:- (aham …)अहम् …
- Good morning :- (suprabhātam)सुप्रभातम्
- No:- (na)न
- Excuse me :- (kṛpayā kṣamyatām) कृपया क्षम्यताम्
- Sorry :- (kṛpayā kṣamyatām) कृपया क्षम्यताम्
- Thankyou :- (dhanyavādāḥ) धन्यवादाः
- Where’s the toilet :- (śaucālayaḥ kutrāsti)शौचालयः कुत्रास्ति?
- Leave me alone :- (ekākī bhavitumicchāmi)एकाकी भवितुमिच्छामि
- Fire:- (agniḥ)अग्निः
- One language is never enough :- (nālamekabhāṣayā) नालमेकभाषया
- Good-bye :- (punardarśaāya) पुनर्दर्शनाय
- Please:- (kṛpayā) कृपया
- That one :- (ayameva)अयमेव
- How much? :- (kiyat)कियत्
- Yes:- ( ām , evam) आम् , एवम्
- Reply to ‘How are you?’ :- (ahaṃ kuśalī)अहं कुशली
- Reply to thank you:- (astu tāvat)अस्तु तावत्
- God is my judge:- ईश्वरः मम न्यायदाता
Sayings in Sanskrit:
‘Alahsasya Kuto Vidya, Avidye Kuto Dhanam, Adhanasya Kuto Mitra, Amitre Kuto Sukham’
Alahsasya = With Laziness
Kuto Vidya = there is no knowledge
Avidye Kuto Dhanam- Without knowledge, there is no money
Adhanasya Kuto Mitra = Without money there will be no friends
Amitre Kuto sukham = Without friends, one can’t be happy.
Now, this may come across as a harsh, and too materialistic a philosophy. But according to me, it is the truth. We may fantasize about the ideal world and ideal friendship, love, etc. But, the world isn’t like that, has never been. Here knowledge doesn’t just mean academics, but lessons in life too.
Money doesn’t just mean bank balance and cash but rewards/fruits of action etc too. A friend is a metaphor for all people in general. And Joy is joy.
May Everyone be Happy
Sanskrit maxim “ Satyameva Jayate”. It is one that can’t be shaken by any possible context(unlike Vasudhaiva kutumbakam, Ahiṁsa paramo dharma & Ekam sad viprā bahudhā vadanti) because it is always a reliable guiding principle Satyameva Jayate or, “truth verily triumphs” or “the truth shall prevail” is from the Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad, and nothing in the context gives a different or contrary message.
‘KAG CHESTHA, BAGUL DHYANAM ,SWAN NIDRA , TATHAIVACHA ALPAHARI ,GRIHA TYAGI VIDYARTHI PANCH LAKSHANAM’
- A student must have an inclination to achieve something like the crow. He must put his repetitive efforts to get something new.
- He must concentrate just like Swan at his/her target.
- He must sleep like a dog. Anything happens around just getting up and checking.
- Takes less food as per requirement.
- No link to homely affairs.
So, The one country that still regards Sanskrit as a classical language containing merely religious literature is India. Sanskrit is a treasure and very relevant in the modern knowledge society and is perhaps the future for science and technology. Many universities in Europe and America are raising the level of Sanskrit proficiency in their departments, while India is still treating it as a third language meant to enhance scores in school transcripts, without real application. If there is one language that can be called the language of the future, it is undoubtedly Sanskrit.