English is one of the most widely spoken languages across the globe and a common language of choice for people from different backgrounds trying to communicate with each other. This is the reason why English is the second language learned by most of the people creating its importance for English alphabets and numbers.
In the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand, English is the language most widely spoken by the inhabitants. Even in the remaining parts of the world, English is spoken by a considerable part of the population and if not, remains a language of aspirations. 
English alphabets are derived in parts from Latin and Old English runic alphabets. With 5 vowels and 21 consonants, English has a total of 26 letters. English alphabets are written from left to right and a combination of letters which represent a word is separated by another one using a space or omission of a letter.

English alphabets have 2 cases  upper and lower. There are certain rules associated with using upper case letters in a sentence. For example, a sentence always starts with an upper case letter, also known as a capital letter. The lower case letters are also known as small letters.

Letters
(Upper Case)
Letters
(lowercase)
Hindi
Pronunciation
ExamplesExample Pronunciation
AaAppleऐपल
BbबीBoyबॉय
CcसीCatकैट
DdडीDogडॉग
EeElephantएलिफेंट
FfएफFishफिश
GgजीGirlगर्ल
HhएचHatहट
IiआईIceआइस
JjजेJuiceजूस
KkकेKiteकाइट
LlएलLionलायन
MmएमMonkeyमंकी
NnएनNoseनोज़
OoOwlआउल
PpपीParrotपैरट
Qqक्यूQueenक्वीन
RrआरRoseरोज़
SsएसSunसन
TtटीTigerटाइगर
UuयूUmbrellaअंब्रेला
VvवीViolinवाइयोलिन
Wwडब्ल्यूWatchवॉच
Xxएक्सX-rayएक्स रे
YyवायYellowयेल्लो
Zzज़ेडZebraज़ीब्रा

Vowels

Among the 26 English alphabets, there are 5 vowels. Vowels are the sounds made by vocal cords that come straight from the lungs without any friction. There is an English grammar rule which says that for the words starting with a vowel, the determiner has to be an” and never a”. For example, an orange, an eye, etc
Vowels
Hindi Pronunciation
Examples
Example Pronunciation
A
Apple
ऐपल
E
Elephant
एलिफेंट
I
आई
Ice
आइस
O
ओ 
Owl
आउल
U
यू
Umbrella
अंब्रेला

Consonants

Unlike vowels, consonants are sounds that are produced by friction which means that the vocal tract is partially or completely closed. English consonants are 21 in number and individually cover most of the sounds required. However, there are a few sounds which are represented by a combination of individual consonants. For example, ch”, sh”, th”, etc.
Consonants
Hindi Pronunciation
Examples
Example Pronunciation
B
बी
Boy
बॉय
C
सी
Cat
कैट
D
डी
Dog
डॉग
F
एफ
Fish
फिश
G
जी
Girl
गर्ल
H
एच
Hat
हट
J
जे
Juice
जूस
K
के
Kite
काइट
L
एल
Lion
लायन
M
एम
Monkey
मंकी
N
एन
Nose
नोज़
P
पी
Parrot
पैरट
Q
क्यू
Queen
क्वीन
R
आर
Rose
रोज़
S
एस
Sun
सन
T
टी
Tiger
टाइगर
V
वी
Violin
वाइयोलिन
W
डब्ल्यू
Watch
वॉच
X
एक्स
X-ray
एक्स रे
Y
वाय
Yellow
येल्लो
Z
ज़ेड
Zebra
ज़ीब्रा

Merging of Vowels and Consonants

When a vowel follows a consonant for example, tin” t and i merge to produce a single syllable ti” (टि). In English, it is often seen that even the same vowel gives different sounds. For eg., bo in bone” is बो while in body is बॉ. 
Vowels
Vowel + Consonant
Examples
Example Pronunciation
A
B + A = Ba (बा)
Bark
बार्क
E
B + E = Be (बे )
Bed
बेड
I
B + I = Bi (बि)
Bin
बिन
O
B + O = Bo (बॉ)
Body
बॉडी
U
B + U = Bu (ब)
Bug
बग

Example of Sentence Framing

To understand how English alphabets are used as building blocks to make complex sentences, please see the following 
 

Kindness is the language that the deaf can hear and the blind can see.”                                                                                                                                          Mark Twain

“दया वो भाषा है जिसे बहरा भी सुन सकता है और अँधा भी देख सकता है

You can use our free English learning app which helps you to come across a lot of new difficult English phrases & thus improve your English basics.