Noun is the simplest part of speech in English Grammar. That is why the very first thing that we study in Grammar is Noun.

The literal meaning of noun is “name”. Hence, they are also known as Naming words. Based on the meaning, noun can be defined as the name of all living and non-living things in the Universe. Any person, place, thing ,animal, etc. are considered as Nouns.

Eg:- man, earth, cow, Delhi, water, Krishna, book, food, etc.


Sentence Noun Explanation
Dog is barking. dog Dog is a naming word for an animal. Hence, it is a noun.
I am fond of coffee. coffee Coffee is a naming word for a thing. Hence, coffee is a noun.
My niece is studying. Niece Niece refers to a person. Hence it is a noun

Singular and Plural Nouns

Singular nouns as the name suggests, indicate a single noun i.e. one person, animal, thing, place, etc. Plural form of a noun can be formed by adding some suffixes to the singular nouns. Few examples are:

  • By adding ‘s’ as a suffix – Eg:-
Singular Plural
Flower Flowers
Pen Pens
Tree trees
Friend Friends


  • By adding ‘ies’ as a suffix – Eg:-
Singular Plural
Fly Flies
City Cities
Story Stories


  • By adding ‘es’ as a suffix – Eg:-
Singular Plural
Dish Dishes
Bush Bushes
Bunch Bunches


  • By adding ‘ves’  as a suffix to those words that end with ‘f’- Eg:-
Singular Plural
Leaf Leaves
Thief Thieves
Wolf Wolves


  • In some cases, it remains same for both singular as well as plural– Eg:-
Singular Plural
Hair Hair
Fish Fish


Nouns are also been differentiated on the basis of gender. As we all know, there are four genders – Masculine, Feminine, Neuter and Common Genders.

1. Masculine Gender

It depicts the male person or animal.

Eg:- man, husband, boy, dog, lion, prince, etc.

2. Feminine Gender

It depicts the female person or animal.

Eg:- woman, girl, mother, queen, lioness, wife, lady, etc.

3. Neuter Gender

Nouns that are neither masculine nor feminine; basically, lifeless or non-living things fall under this category. Plants and trees also are neuter genders.

Eg:- rose, pen, coffee, tree, computer, table, etc.

4. Common Gender

Nouns that fall under both the categories of gender i.e. both masculine as well as feminine are referred as Common genders.

Eg:- doctor, teacher, physician, nutritionist, etc.

Types of Nouns

1. Proper

Proper Noun defines specifically the name of a person, animal, thing, event, place.

Eg: Meena likes painting.

Here,’ Meena’ is a name of a girl. Hence, it is a proper noun.

Eg:  I live in Bangalore.

Here, Bangalore is a name of a city. Hence, it is a proper noun.

2. Common

Common noun basically refers to the generalized category of nouns which are not specific.

Eg:- There are many good schools nearby.

Here, school is a general word, hence is a common noun.

3. Material

This category refers to the materials or things from which products are been made like iron, cotton, diamond, gold, plastic, etc.

Eg:- Iron is extracted from ores.

Here, Iron is referred as a metal i.e. a material. Hence, it is a material noun.

4. Compound

When two words are combined to form one single noun, then such nouns are referred as compound nouns like toothpaste, landmark.

Eg:- My house is near to the post office.

Here, post and office are two different words that are combined to form a word post office. Hence, it is a compound noun.

5. Countable

As the name suggests, countable nouns are the one which can be counted. It can be singular as well as plural.

Eg:- I play with my dog.

Here, dog is single, hence countable. So, it’s a countable noun.

6. Uncountable

These nouns are just opposite of countable nouns.  Uncountable nouns hence cannot be counted. These are also known as mass nouns like air, water, milk, cheese, etc.

Eg:- We need air to breathe. Since we cannot count air, hence it is an uncountable noun.

7. Collective

Collective nouns basically define the specific group of something both living and non-living like a gaggle of geese, a colony of ants, army of soldiers, etc.

Eg:- I saw the cricket team outside the airport.

Here, team denotes the group of cricketers. Hence, team is a collective noun.

8. Abstract

Abstract nouns basically refer to the intangible things which cannot be seen and touched. Such nouns are mainly related to emotions, ideas, feelings, etc. like knowledge, success, failure, etc.

Eg:- India got freedom in 1947.

Here, freedom is an intangible thing. Hence, it is an abstract noun.

9. Concrete

Concrete nouns are comprised of all the tangible things that actually exist and can be seen and touched. It is opposite of abstract noun. Like pen, table, chair, etc.  Note that concrete nouns can be common nouns, countable nouns, uncountable, proper, and collective nouns.

Eg:- I have a broken chair.

Here, chair is a thing that can be seen and touched. Hence, it is a concrete noun.

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