Definition and Meaning

A verb is one of the Parts of Speech in English Grammar. Verbs are basically describing the action words like sleeping, eating, laughing, writing, etc. Whatever actions we do are stated as verbs. These actions can be expressed in three forms.                        

  • Firstly, the actions we do physically like swimming, reading, walking, etc.                                         
  • Secondly, the actions we do mentally like to imagine, to think, etc.                                                             
  • Thirdly, the actions related to the state of being like is, are ,was, were, etc.

Examples

Sentence Verb Explanation
Om went to music class. Went Here the verb“went” is describing the action“go”.
Meera guessed correctly Guessed Here, the verb “guessed“ is describing the action“to guess”.
It was an accident. Was Here, the verb “ was” is describing the state of being.

 

Types of Verbs

Type of Verbs

Definition

Examples

Transitive Verbs Whenever the direct object is linked with the action or doing words, such verbs are known as transitive verbs. They always need a direct object to express the action.
  • Amit wrote a letter. In this example, “letter” is a direct object and the action is “writing”. Hence, “wrote” is a transitive verb.
  • My mother washed the vessels. Here, object is “vessels” and the transitive verb is “washed”.
Intransitive Verbs Intransitive verbs are just opposite of transitive verbs. That means, any direct object is not at all required to justify the action.
  • It is thundering. Here, there is no direct object. Action is “thunder”. Hence, verb is “thundering”.
  • The thief ran. Here, action is “to run”. Hence, verb is “ran”.
Dynamic Verbs Literal meaning of dynamic is movement. Dynamic verbs also contain the same meaning. It is the verb that is mainly used to symbolize any sort of action or a movement.
  • Annie is playing Badminton. Here, the verb “playing” is showing a kind of movement. Hence it is a dynamic verb.
  • Maria is going to school. Here, the verb “going” is a movement. Hence it is a dynamic verb.        
Stative Verbs Stative is just opposite of dynamic. Hence, stative verb is a verb that defines state or a situation rather than the action or movement.
  • This book belongs to my  father. Here “ belongs” is a stative verb.
  • He appears delighted. Here, “appears” is a stative verb.
Linking Verbs As we all know, a sentence is comprised of two parts  i.e., the subject and the predicate. These verbs are basically linking the two parts of a sentence.
  • Anil is excited about his results. Here, “excited” is the linking verb.
  • The eggs smell rotten. Here, “smell” is the linking verb.
Auxiliary Verbs These are also known as helping verbs as these auxiliary verbs are a kind of helper to the main verb as most of the tenses are formed by these helping verbs.
  • Jyoti is writing a letter to her friend. Here, Main verb is “writing” and auxiliary verb is “is”.
  • Why are you laughing?  Here, Main verb is “laughing” and auxiliary verb is “are”.

 

3 Forms of Verb and Their Importance

There are three forms of verbs depending upon its usage in sentence according to the tense.

  • Base Form  : The Base form of verb is the simplest and first form of the verb , without any special endings .it is also known as the root form of the verbs.  It does not have any sort of prefixes or suffixes.( such as –s, -ing, -en)
  • Past Simple:  The Past simple is the second form of verb that is usually formed by adding d, ed or ied to the base form of the verb.  Sentences that depict actions which were started in the past as well as ended in the past carry such form of verbs.
  • Past Participle: The Past participle is the third form of verb and  is created by adding  at-ed, -d, -t to the base form of  a regular verb. The past participle is also used with the auxiliary verbs  like has, have, or had  to express the perfect aspect.

Examples

I form

II Form

III Form

Laugh

Laughed

Laughed

Break

Broke

Broken

Find

Found

Found

Have

Had

Had

Build

Built

Built

Shake

Shook

Shaken

Write

Wrote

Written

Drink

Drank

Drunk

See

Saw

Seen

Burst

Burst

Burst

Know

knew

Known