What is Adverb?
Definition of Adverb
Adverbs are quite similar to adjectives as adverbs are also considered as describing words. But the basic difference between the two is that adjectives are used in a sentence to modify nouns whereas adverbs are used to modify verbs, adjectives, clauses, another adverb, or any other phrase.
In the given examples, usage of adverbs to modify other parts of speech are demonstrated clearly.
- Adverbs when modifying verbs: Krishna talks loudly.
- Adverbs when modifying adjectives: Sumana is very beautiful.
- Adverbs when modifying another adverbs: Meghna eats too slowly.
Here, “so” is acting as a describing word for the verb” want”. Hence, “so” is an adverb.
Here, “awesomely” is describing about the adjective “good”. Hence, “awesomely” is an adverb.
To buy a laptop
Here, “to buy a laptop” is an adverb phrase that describes about “decided”.
Here, “heartily” modifies the word “congratulated”. Hence, “heartily” is an adverb.
Here. “always” is modifying “early”. Hence, “always” is an adverb.
Types of Adverbs:
Adverb of manner explains, how a thing is being done. We mostly use the suffix –ly with the adjectives like quickly, slowly, rapidly, awfully, greatly, etc.
Adverb of frequency refers to how often things are being done. Such adverbs include rarely, frequently, occasionally, seldom, often, never, always, etc.
Adverb of place basically focusses on location. It refers to the action of the verb i.e. its distance, direction, movement etc. They include here, there, nearby, forward, up, down, etc.
Adverb pf degree refers to the intensity of something being happened. It describes the level or the extent. For ex:- extremely, quite, almost, just, totally, very, etc.
Adverb of time is defined to answer questions like, “when”, “how long”, “how often”, etc. These adverbs tell us about the time, when an action happened and also tell us for how long it happened. For ex:- yesterday, hours, all day, tomorrow, later, etc.
They are also known as adverbs of reasons. These words exhibit a particular reason or a purpose of an action that why it took place. For ex:- in order to, hence, therefore, consequently, since, thus, etc.
Adverb of quantity informs about the quantity of a particular thing. That means how much is there .For ex:- much, more, few less, etc.
These are attention seekers. That means , these adverbs point to a particular clause of a sentence. For ex:- mainly, mostly, at least, especially, etc.