What is Adverb?

Definition of Adverb

Adverbs are quite similar to adjectives as adverbs are also considered as describing words. But the basic difference between the two is that adjectives are used in a sentence to modify nouns whereas adverbs are used to modify verbs, adjectives, clauses, another adverb, or any other phrase.
In the given examples, usage of adverbs to modify other parts of speech are demonstrated clearly.
  • Adverbs when modifying verbs: Krishna talks loudly.
  • Adverbs when modifying adjectives: Sumana is very beautiful.
  • Adverbs when modifying another adverbs: Meghna eats too slowly.
 
Examples:
Sentence
Adverb
Explanation
  • I so want to join my friends for the movie.
so
Here, so” is acting as a describing word for the verb” want”. Hence, so” is an adverb.
  • The concert was awesomely good.
awesomely
Here, awesomely” is describing about the adjective good”. Hence, awesomely” is an adverb.
  • Preeti decided to buy a laptop.
To buy a laptop
Here, to buy a laptop” is an adverb phrase that describes about decided”.
  • I heartily congratulated sapna.
heartily
Here, heartily” modifies the word congratulated”. Hence, heartily” is an adverb.
  • She always wakes up early.
always
Here. always” is modifying early”. Hence, always” is an adverb.

Types of Adverbs:

Type
Definition
Example
  • Adverb of manner
Adverb of manner explains, how a thing is being done. We mostly use the suffix ly with the adjectives like quickly, slowly, rapidly, awfully, greatly, etc.
  • Seema was badly injured in the accident.
  • She fluently speaks many languages.
  • Adverb of Frequency
Adverb of frequency refers to how often things are being done. Such adverbs include rarely, frequently, occasionally, seldom, often, never, always, etc.
  • Sukanya seldom goes to temple.
  • Krish always participates in school activities.
  • Adverb of Place
Adverb of place basically focusses on location. It refers to the action of the verb i.e. its distance, direction, movement etc. They include here, there, nearby, forward, up, down, etc.
  • Please put your bag there.
  • Adverb of Degree
Adverb pf degree refers to the intensity of something being happened. It describes the level or the extent. For ex:- extremely, quite, almost, just, totally, very, etc.
  • The weather was extremely cold.
  • The guest had just arrived for dinner.
  • Adverb of Time
Adverb of time is defined to answer questions like, when”, how long”, how often”, etc. These adverbs tell us about the time, when an action happened and also tell us for how long it happened. For ex:- yesterday, hours, all day, tomorrow, later, etc.
  • Teacher will speak to you later.
  • I met my aunt yesterday.
  • Adverb of Purpose
They are also known as adverbs of reasons. These words exhibit a particular reason or a purpose of an action that why it took place. For ex:- in order to, hence, therefore, consequently, since, thus, etc.
  • Work hard so that you can get good marks.
  • Since it was raining, I was drenched.
  • Adverb of Quantity
Adverb of quantity informs about the quantity of a particular thing. That means how much is there .For ex:- much, more, few less, etc.
  • There is too much fog.
  • Only few people attended the seminar.
  • Focusing Adverbs
These are attention seekers. That means , these adverbs point to a particular clause of a sentence. For ex:- mainly, mostly, at least, especially, etc.  
  • The puppet show was arranged in the party especially for the children.
  • At least Namita gave the correct answer.