The Arabic language is considered to be one of the hardest languages to learn and this is because there are so many differences in the language itself, it has so many different scripts, different forms of the same letters, and a variety of different dialects. All this can seem very intimidating to a lot of people who are just getting started on the journey of learning Arabic. While there are some easy things to learn in the Arabic language, there are also certain challenges that one needs to face while learning Arabic.
Arabic Alphabet -
People tend to get very daunted by the Arabic alphabet whereas, in reality, it’s not difficult to learn. It is not like Chinese where you literally have thousands of characters to memorize. Arabic has just a normal alphabet with 28 letters. One thing that can be a little bit tricky is the fact that the same letter is written differently depending on whether it is found in the beginning, middle, or end of the word. But that is also easy to master once you’ve learned the alphabet.
It is true that there are some letters in Arabic that can be difficult to pronounce. However, something that makes Arabic pronunciation a lot easier than English is the fact that there is almost always a direct correspondence between how a word is written and how a word is pronounced.
One aspect of grammar that can be a little difficult is the number of broken plurals that Arabic has. Many masculine nouns have plurals that don’t follow a simple rule (like adding “s” in English). The number-noun agreement is also somewhat complex, with all sorts of different rules depending on the number.
A sound plural is formed by simply adding a suffix to the singular form, for example, cat – cats. Broken plurals are formed by changing the pattern of consonants and vowels within the word. For example – the word ‘amerikiin (american) has a sound plural which is formed by simply adding the suffix un in the accusative and iiin in the genitive which is amerikiun and amerikiiin. Moroccan – maghribi has a broken plural so in the plural it becomes maghariba (Moroccans). Kitab – book also has a broken plural so it becomes kutub. Sadiq – friend becomes asdiqa. Arabic grammar is a little hard to master but that shouldn’t stop you from learning it.
This is the most challenging part when it comes to learning Arabic. The Arabic language has so many different dialects that people use. These are different for people living in different regions. For example, the gulf dialect for people living in the Gulf area, the Levant dialect, and many more. This is the challenge faced by most of the students and people during the learning process. The linguistic situation in the Arab world is strongly characterized by diglossia, which refers to the existence of two forms of language: the formal and the colloquial.
This is the most difficult thing to consider when learning Arabic and it highly increases the complexity of the language. Therefore it is advised that when you are starting to learn Arabic, the first step should be to choose a dialect according to your preference. Once you choose a dialect, you will not be frightened by other dialects
However, it is not impossible to overcome all these challenges. Arabic is indeed a tough language to master. But, this shouldn’t discourage you from learning it because once you begin to understand basic concepts about the Arabic language you can easily get the hang of it. Just follow your interest and start learning.