Which Indian Language is spoken most
Are you searching for the top 10 most spoken languages in India? the sweetest language in India? Here I am going to give information regarding all your questions.
Language by far is the most viable tool for communication and survival in any clime of the world.
Without languages, the world will be a dead place, with no progress, no communication, and the outcome of such imagination is boundless.
Here, our focus on the subject “language” takes us to India, the second most populated country in the world behind China.
India is filled with about 1.2 billion humans and they communicate in over 19, 500 languages across the broad expanse of the nation’s landmass, (the 7th largest country in the world).
This mammoth population of India makes it a beehive of languages and diverse cultures.
With that in mind, let us look at the top languages spoken in India below.
1) Hindi (Speakers – almost 366 Million)
If you’ve been following global trends and facts, you must have come across the word “Hindi”.
It is the most spoken language or dialect in the whole of India.
It is an undisputed fact and 366 million people in India can account for that.
It is also one of the official languages of India.
This figure of the Hindi speaking people of India is not static, it rises exponentially across decades and seasons.
Roughly, over 40% of the entire population of India speaks Hindi as their native and official language.
Hindi also happens to be the fourth most spoken language in India and the world coming after Chinese Mandarin, Spanish, and English.
Nearly all the states in India speak the Hindi language which originated from Indo Aryan Central languages.
2) Bengali (Speakers – almost 83 Million)
Bengali is the second most spoken language in India.
It is spoken by over 83 million people and that represents 8% of the total populace of India.
Bengali also originated from the Indo Aryan Central languages and is spoken in most parts of South Asia.
The language is spoken predominantly among the people of India’s eastern states which includes West Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand, and Tripura.
The Bengali dialect is also spoken beyond the shores of India, from Japan to the UK and from Australia to Canada, America, and the Middle East.
The Bengali language became so influential and popular that the Indian National Anthem was written in it.
3) Telugu (Speakers –almost 74 Million)
The Telugu language can be traced to the Dravidian civilization and is the third most spoken language in all of India.
7% of the entire population of India speak the Telugu language and that is approximately 74 million people.
The south Indian states pride themselves in this language. They include Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Andaman. The Nicobar Islands aren’t left out in the language equally.
Other places beyond the Indian confines where the language can be heard include New Zealand, Australia, United Arab Emirates, South Africa, United States, and the United Kingdom.
4) Marathi (Speakers – almost 72 Million)
Coming fourth in the list is the Marathi language spoken by about 6.83% of the entire population of India bringing the number of Marathi-speaking people to an estimated 72 million.
The language can also be traced to the Indo Aryan language.
This language is the official language of the states in the western region of India.
Major states where the Marathi language is predominantly spoken are Maharashtra, Goa, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
5) Tamil (Speakers – almost 61 Million)
Stemming from yet the Dravidian civilization is the language Tamil, the fifth most spoken language in the second most populous nation in the world.
Tamil speaking people represent about 6% of the population of India.
Areas where the language holds sway include Kerala, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, Andaman, and the Islands of Nicobar.
This language is also the official language of Singapore and Sri Lanka.
6) Kannada (Speakers –almost 55 Million)
An estimated 55 million people speak the Kannada language in India.
That number represents about 4% of the summed population of India.
As with most languages in India, the Kannada language can trace its origin to the Dravidian civilization. It is spoken as a major language in states like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, and Maharashtra.
7) Urdu (Speakers – almost 52 Million)
At number 7 is the Urdu language which also happens to be the official language of Pakistan.
The Urdu dialect is spoken by some 52 million people across India representing about 4% of India’s populace.
It is the major and official languages of states like West Bengal, Bihar, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, and Jharkhand.
The language can also be traced to the Indo Aryan Central languages.
8) Gujarati (Speakers – almost 46 Million)
The Gujarati speaking people of India represents about 3% of the populace.
This language is a descendant of the Dravidian civilization and is widely spoken in states like Gujarat, Dadra and Nagar Haveli as well as Daman and Diu.
It is the official language of the state of Gujarat in north-west India.
9) Malayalam (Speakers – almost 33 Million)
The states of Kerala, Puducherry, and Lakshadweep are known for speaking the Malayalam language.
With over 33 million people representing a pinched 3% of India’s entire population figure, Malayam is one of the major languages in the country.
Its root can be traced to the Dravidian civilization.
10) Odia (Speakers – almost 32 Million)
This language is spoken by a sizable chunk of India’s population that represents less than 3% of its entire census figure.
It is also an Indo Aryan language, which is quite the cornerstone of some of India’s most predominant languages.
The Odia language is spoken in just one state of India; the eastern Indian state of Odisha, by the Bay of Bengal.
Little of it could be heard in some other parts of India but its locus of usage lies in Odisha state.
Some other extensively spoken Indian languages are Punjabi, Maithili, Kashmiri, and Assamese.
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