The Sanskrit language is a classical language of South Asia belonging to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. It arose in South Asia after its predecessor languages had diffused there from the northwest in the late Bronze Age. Sanskrit is the sacred language of Hinduism, the language of classical Hindu philosophy, and of historical texts of Buddhism and Jainism. It was a link language in ancient and medieval South Asia, and upon transmission of Hindu and Buddhist culture to Southeast Asia, East Asia, and Central Asia in the early medieval era, it became a language of religion and high culture, and of the political elites in some of these regions. As a result, Sanskrit had a lasting impact on the languages of South Asia, Southeast Asia, and East Asia, especially in their formal and learned vocabularies.
Sanskrit belongs to the Indo-European family of languages.
Ways to learn:
It’s almost impossible to learn a new language, or at least to learn it rapidly, unless you begin thinking in that language. But how do you think in a new language you can’t yet speak? Ingratiate yourself with the community and you’re halfway there!
The answer is to simply immerse yourself in it. Traveling in a country allows you to continuously hear the sounds, rhythms, and inflections of a new language–spoken on the streets, in buses, on television, etc. Your brain will already start to process and interpret a new language.
2.Hire a Sanskrit teacher
hire a Sanskrit teacher or go to a Sanskrit Learning centre. This is because Sanskrit has complex pronunciations & you may get some pronunciations wrong.
3.Read children’s book
Get as many beginner books as possible, school children’ books would be preferable.
4.Get a Sanskrit dictionary
Get a Sanskrit dictionary. Get one that translates sanskrit to your convenient language. Translating in internet may be easier, but, this will make you more interested.
Practice shlokas.This helps you get better at your pronunciations and makes you read faster.
Practice writing things in the new alphabet then transliterating them into your own native language alphabet. Keep a letter-pronunciation table next to you. Then try transliterating them back into the new alphabet. Also try writing your own language in the new alphabet. Read through the special rules of Sanskrit available online.
Practice reading texts written in the new alphabet as often as possible to initiate instant recognition of the alphabets. Even if you don’t know all the letters or symbols, you will be able to make some sense out of the whole thing. Don’t underestimate your powerful apophenic brain! You may also have trouble reading initially – and may find yourself reading each alphabet in a word slowly, (you’re not just reading but also recognizing each alphabet) to speak the entire word. But this would improve with time when you can actually just run past those and speak the complete word. We all have learned our native tongue when we were very young, in the very same manner!
8.Recognizing the alphabets
Label things around your home or office in the new alphabet with translations in your own language. This will increase your exposure to the new alphabet and help you to recognize keywords and phrases.
Try reading aloud whatever material you get hold of. There are online newspapers and articles.This will reinforce your alphabet learning via recognition.
10.Playing a game with the conversation partner
If you know of a native speaker who is willing to help, ask him or her to read things aloud, to converse with you and you can write the alphabets to check with him and ensure you heard them right! Then you try to do the same and ask your friend to correct your mistakes.
11. Write it
After having conversations, jot down the things you remembered hearing but didn’t quite understand. After having conversations, jot down the things you remembered hearing but didn’t quite understand.
Then go back and use your dictionary. Look up the words, piece the conversation back together in your mind. Then, next time you have a conversation, use what you learned.
Besides helping me focus, they also became handy reference guides
12.Local TV, music, movies
Watch movies, listen to music, sing songs, and browse newspapers and magazines. It’s fun and helps improve your pronunciation and comprehension.
I often stumble when trying to read Sanskrit script .But by watching Sanskrit music videos and following the lyrics, I learned many new characters and also began pronouncing words more accurately.
Last and actually most important! Make friends with Sanskrit people. Some of them may also be interested in your culture and language and may want to talk to you as well. Don’t be shy, but don’t be obnoxious either.
Also you can join multibhashi to learn the Sanskrit language in a short time!